Research Ethics Regulations
Code of Research Ethics of
Korea Spatial Information Society
Adopted in April, 2010
Amended in December, 2015
Amended in January, 2016
The Korea Spatial Information Society is an academic organization aiming at spatial information establishment; standardized technology and spatial information distribution; application technology and spatial information related technology dissemination, spread and academic exchange.
The Korea Spatial Information Society is a main channel to release research findings and communicate academic knowledge. The Society is required to expose academic fraud such as the authenticity of submitted papers, its multiple publication, forgery, falsification and plagiarism while setting up and implementing appropriate measures against them in order to contribute to research ethical compliance.
This Code of Research Ethics seeks to guide the Society members to comply with applicable principles and rules in their research activities while presenting some principles and rules to be known to the authors, editing staff and examiners for compliance.
Chapter 1 General Provisions
Article 1 (Purpose)
This Code seeks to secure the research ethics and authenticity of Korea Spatial Information Society (hereinafter, the ’Society’) by determining general matters such as the criterial for fraudulent research activities and disciplinary measures on the papers submitted to and published in the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society issued by the Society.
Article 2 (Research Ethics)
1.(Academic Objectivity) Authors submitting papers to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society should maintain academic objectivity throughout the whole research process and should not omit, add and modify research findings, etc. intentionally.
2.(Academic Originality) Authors submitting papers to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society should respect others’ research achievements and secure academic originality in their own paper to be distinguished from other papers of the author’s own as well as other extant research achievements.
3.(False Citation) Authors of papers submitted to and published in the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society should be those who have actually contributed to the paper writing and should not omit anyone who have done so.
Article 3 (Research Ethics Committee)
1.The Research Ethics Committee is organized in the Society to deliberate and make decisions on the matters set forth in this Code.
2.The Research Ethics Committee has 5 members in total who are experts in areas concerned to issues under deliberation, including the deputy chair in charge of Society seminar activities and head of the editorial Board.
3.The Research Ethics Committee members are designated and appointed by the Society chairperson.
4.The deputy chair in charge of Society seminar activity is to be the head of Research Ethics Committee. The deputy chair can convene and preside the Research Ethics Committee.
5.In the case where the deputy chair in charge of Society seminar activity or head of the editorial Board is the author of a paper under deliberation, he or she cannot serve as a member of the Research Ethics Committee. If the deputy head of Society seminar activity is not a member of the Research Ethics Committee, the head of the editorial Board is to be the chairperson of Research Ethics Committee and if both of them are not members of the Research Ethics Committee, the deputy chair in charge of Society seminar activity convenes the Research Ethics Committee to elect the chairperson.
6.The Research Ethics Committee is organized and held where necessary as deliberation issues are introduced.
Chapter 2 Duties of Editorial Board members and reviewers
Article 4 (Duties of Editorial Board members)
1.The Editorial Board members should be responsible for every publication in the Journal and respect the authors for their integrity and scholarly independence.
2.The Editorial Board members, irrelevant to possible conflicts of interests among the journal-related administrative staff, authors and examiners, should treat papers fairly based on their quality and submission rules.
3.The Editorial Board members check the authenticity of paper review process to manage and supervise people involved in editorial.
4.The Editorial Board members are obliged to publish every paper that has been decided to publish, excluding those found to have a material mistake or ethical problem after a decision to publish.
5.The Editorial Board members should open clearly the paper review process of authors in the same academic field and be able to explain proper reasons for every process phase.
6.The Editorial Board members should ensure all of the reviewers are anonymous. The Editorial Board members should not assign reviewers who work at the same institution as the authors.
7.The Editorial Board members should keep the anonymity of paper authors before a paper under deliberation is decided to be published.
8.In the event of obvious errors or distorted results in publication, the Editorial Board members should immediately correct such and inform the organization of a related author.
9.In the event of false report or crucial mistake in a paper, the Editorial Board members should withdraw such a paper.
10.A new member of the Editorial Board cannot change existing member(s)’s confirmed decision on paper publication, excluding the case of a crucial problem.
Article 5 (Duties of Editorial Board)
1.The Editorial Board reviews if the deliberation and publication processes of all of the submitted papers were in compliance with this Code of Ethics. The Editorial Committee utilizes crosscheck service to verify the originality of papers and to detect plagiarism.
2.The Editorial Board, if ethical deliberation is necessary regarding some submitted papers, checks whether they were deliberated by their ethical deliberation committee and specifies on the papers.
3.The Editorial Board, if paper authenticity or ethicality was found to be compromised in research process, notifies such to a related author’s research institute.
Article 6 (Duties of Reviewer)
1.The reviewers should ensure closed process during submitted paper deliberation and respect authors’ right to information property.
2.The reviewers should complete deliberation within a set period of time and should not delay deliberation without a clear reason. If an examiner views himself or herself as not appropriate to examine a paper, he or she should notify an editorial member of such without a delay.
3.The reviewers, if the deliberation process seems unfair or procedural authenticity is suspicious, can reject deliberation.
4.If a submitted paper is found to have been published in another journal or under deliberation by another organization as well, or have an abnormality in the findings, the reviewers should notify editorial members.
Chapter 3 Research Misconduct
Article 7 (Multiple Publication)
1.(1) Any paper that has been published in journals registered or to be registered with South Korean academic promotion foundations or any paper that has been published in overseas journals or any similar paper to such should not be submitted and published in the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society.
(2) To differentiate submitted papers from extant ones in relation to the paragraph (1) above, the following criteria are applied:
A. A submitted paper should have a remarkable difference from extant papers at least in 2 items among research purpose, method, scope, data, findings, logical development, etc.
B. Use of a different language is not recognized as a difference.
2. (1) For any correction/improvement pursuant to the paragraph (1) above, the following criteria are applied:
A. A submitted paper should have a remarkable difference from extant papers at least in 1 item among research purpose, method, scope, data, findings, logical development, etc.
B. Use of a different language is not recognized as a difference.
3. In the event where a paper submitted to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society includes as it is, modifies or improves partially or entirely another paper that has been previously announced in an academic symposium, etc., such a fact should be specified.
4. In the event where a paper submitted to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society includes as it is, modifies or improves partially or entirely another study report that has been previously announced in an academic symposium, etc., such a fact should be specified.
5. In the event where a paper submitted to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society includes as it is, modifies or improves partially or entirely another PhD or master’s degree dissertation, the author of such dissertation must be included in the submitted paper authors.
Article 8 (Forgery & Falsification)
Forgery or falsification includes behaviors intentionally expressing the data materials used is a research, resulted measurements, photographs, etc. differently from the truth.
A.Forgery refers to behaviors falsely generating non-existent data or research findings, etc.
B.Falsification refers to behaviors distorting research details or findings by arbitrarily manipulating research process, etc. or changing/deleting data.
Article 9 (Plagiarism)
1.Plagiarism refers to behaviors citing or using previously published academic ideas, views, expressions, research findings, etc. through all text-based media including domestic/overseas journals, papers presented in seminars, research reports, master’s/PhD theses, books, magazines and the internet without specifying the clear source thereof.
2.Regarding the parts used in papers without specifying citation source, plagiarism also applies to the cases of similar details and expressions to those previously published ones. Plagiarism decisions are irrespective of the amount used without citation source specification.
3.Plagiarism applies to the cases where an author plagiarizes his or her own previously disclosed details (self-plagiarism).
4.However, plagiarism is not applied to the cases of using without source specification academic knowledge, research findings, etc. that have already been generally utilized in the academia.
Article 10 (Re-submission)
1.Any paper that has been rejected to publish in the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society or similar papers thereof should not be re-submitted.
2.To identify differentiation of the papers rejected under the paragraph 1. Above, the following criteria are applied:
A. submitted paper should have a remarkable difference from extant papers at least in 2 items among research purpose, method, scope, data, findings, logical development, etc.
B. Use of a different language is not recognized as a difference.
Article 11 (Simultaneous Submission)
Any paper submitted to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society should not be submitted to other journals registered or to be registered with other domestic academic promotion foundations or overseas journals at the same time regardless of a time order. This provision applies to papers under ongoing deliberation as well.
Chapter 4 Deliberation and decision on fraudulent act
Article 12 (Duties of Society Members)
The Society members, if they find any fraudulent acts in research pursuant to Articles 4 through 8, should immediately report to the Editorial Board.
Article 13 (Decision on Fraudulent Acts in Research)
1. In the event of a report on a fraudulent act in research from inside/outside the Society, the Society members and Editorial Board should collect related data and investigate the reliability of such a report.2.The Editorial Board, if the report is found to be reliable, should introduce the issue to the Research Ethics Committee and submit deliberation data.
3.The chairperson of Research Ethics Committee allows an opportunity to the involved author to present explanation for the issue prior to deliberation.
4.The Research Ethics Committee makes a decision on fraudulent research acts based on the presentation of at least 2/3 of the current members and vote for agreement by at least 2/3 of the present members pursuant to Articles 4 through 8 while deliberating and resolving the paper submission prohibition period under the provisions of 1) and 2) of Article 16.
5. The Society chairperson notifies the Research Ethics Committee’s voting results and reasons thereof to the corresponding author.
6.The Research Ethics Committee can make a decision autonomously for matters not set forth in this Code and the detailed explanation of the criteria described in Articles 4 through 8 on fraudulent acts in research.
Article 14 (Objection)
1.The author of a paper decided to involve a fraudulent research behavior can file an objection in writing once, if he or she views the Board’s decision or reasons are unfair.
2.The Research Ethics Committee reviews the validity of such an objection and can re-examine or modify its resolution.
3.The Society chairperson notifies the Committee’s resolution and causes thereof to the corresponding author.
Article 15 (Confidentiality)
1.The Editorial Board members should not disclose to the outside the identity of a reporter who has informed a fraudulent research act.
2.The Society chairperson, Research Ethics Committee and Editorial Board members should not disclose the identity of the corresponding author before the final decision that a reported behavior is fraudulent or when such a behavior is found not to be fraudulent.
Chapter 5 Penalty
Article 16 (Penalty)
1.If the Research Ethics Committee decides that a reported act is forgery, falsification, plagiarism and multiple publication under Articles 7, 8 and 9, the following measures are executed:
A.The Editorial Board cancels the publication of such a paper in the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society and publicly announce it in the document search data of the Society homepage along with the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society.
B.in the event of multiple publication, other involved societies should be informed of such a Society decision.
C.The related author is not allowed to submit a paper to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society for three years from the resolution or within such a period.
2.If the Research Ethics Committee decides that a reported act is simultaneous submission and re-submission under Articles 10 and 11, the following measures are executed:
A.The Editorial Board refuses or discontinues its deliberation on such a paper.
B.In the event of simultaneous submission, other involved societies are notified.
C.The related author is not allowed to submit a paper to the Journal of Korea Spatial Information Society for one year from the resolution or within such a period.
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Code shall enter into force on the date of its adoption.
Article 2 (Beginning and Ending)
The Code may begin or end by the Board’s vote.